Friday, May 15, 2015

Education Reform

Historical Development

during the late 18th century significant changes have been made on the education system.  In 1785 state universities began to develop after the Continental Congress (before ratification of the Constitution) passes a law that created "township" reserving a portion of each township for a local school.  These eventually eventually became state universities which still stand today.

Then in 1820 the first public high school opened in Boston.  It was called The English High school and it was meant to educate boys on a strong course of the English language.  The school was called a "exam school" because it required all the students applying to take an entrance exam.  During the early 70's girls were finally admitted into the school and the entrance of exam was dropped.

Horace Mann became the head of the newly founded Massachusetts board of education in 1837. Mann increased the school year to 6 months and improvements to the school curriculum.  His ideas later carried across the Nation, by the mid-1800's most states accepted three basic principles of public education: schools should be free and supported by taxes, teachers should be trained, and children are required to attend school.


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